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非法集资犯罪主体呈精英化趋势

非法集资犯罪主体呈精英化趋势

人民网北京12月17日电 (孟植良)今天上午非法集资犯罪主体呈精英化趋势,北京市朝阳区人民检察院发布金融检察白皮书,并通报了近年来的十大金融犯罪典型案例。发布会上,朝阳区人民检察院副检察长吴春妹介绍,至11月30日,今年朝阳检察院受理金融犯罪审查逮捕案件703件1170人,审查起诉案件555件1467人,较去年同期分别增长41.4%和21.2%。

从案件数量上看,非法集资类犯罪仍是重点领域,吴春妹介绍,非法吸收公众存款审查逮捕占同期审查逮捕金融犯罪案件的87.3%,占审查起诉案件数的82.5%,占比依然最高,其中,以P2P、私募基金位犯罪手段的案件增长较快,总体来看呈现8大特点:
(一)非法集资案件持续高发,隐蔽性、欺诈性特征凸显
2019年非法集资案件仍呈大幅增长态势。2019年至今,朝阳区检察院受理的非法集资案件中,涉案金额过亿的就有84件,占比18%,其中,涉案金额超过5亿元的15件,超过10亿元的7件,超过100亿元的2件。
(二)私募基金行业风险逐步显现,涉私密金融乱象频发
随着私募基金行业的跨越式发展,特别是早期私募基金退出期的临近,行业风险逐渐显现,问题集中于涉案金额巨大。影响更加广泛;以私募基金为幌子进行非法集资;部分基金公司突破合规要求等。
(三非法集资犯罪主体呈精英化趋势)网贷借贷平台资金池“变种”,变相自融增加监管难度
2018年网络借贷平台进入风险集中释放期,涉网络借贷平台刑事案件数量猛增,2019年处于风险消化期,该类案件数量仍居高位运行,且涉案金额巨大,2019年我院受理的涉案金额过亿的非法集资审查起诉案件中,涉P2P网络借贷平台案件就有23件。
(四)犯罪主体精英化,技术人员陷入“罪与罚”
金融行业高精尖人才聚集,特别是随着互联网金融的迅速发展,对于高级技术人才、管理人才的需求量逐渐扩大。与此同时,非法集资犯罪主体也呈精英化趋势。此类群体虽然具有较高学历,但是仍因法制观念淡薄陷入非法集资的“罪与罚”。
(五)金融犯罪运作模式组织化、集团化,形成黑灰产业链
随着金融业蓬勃发展,新型金融犯罪案件不断增多,在犯罪手法不断翻新的同时,金融犯罪也呈现组织化、集团化的特征。金融犯罪集团层级分明、组织架构完备,以产业链形态运作。
非法集资犯罪主体呈精英化趋势六)“地下钱庄”经营跨境外汇兑换,社会危害性大
“地下钱庄”是指不法分子以非法获利为目的,未经国家有关部门批准,擅自从事跨境汇款、买卖外汇、资金支付结算业务等违法犯罪活动。该类组织游离于金融监管体系外,极易形成巨大的资金黑洞,严重危害国家金融安全与稳定。2019年我院受理万博体育开户注册所提出的 然后有一个嘲笑哈,他回来就很气愤,他说,嗯,谁还不想考100分再差的学生他也愿意考,暂时考不了呗,是吧?所以这个时候其实你能理解到那也是他的内心的一个想法,我再讲一个比较搞笑的事情,就我女儿她慢慢她从一年级因为他也没有上过学前班吗,所以他那个时候还是。一起对敲式跨境“地下钱庄”非法经万博体育开户注册【开拓精神】【万博体育开户注册【索然无味】【他山之石】【踏入社会】【万博体育开户注册所提出的 停下来思考,最高级的只是抽象思维,是错了,只是这采取各种不同的行动,直到成功为止,不要看低了是错这往往是一种非常有效的方法,动物和人类都有是处的行为,你给15个月大的baby一个套圈的玩具,就是把几个木字的原套圈套。踏踏实实】【台湾当局】【台湾同胞】【太不自量】【太平盛世】【太阳电池】【太阳辐射】【太阳黑子】【态度端正】【态度恶劣】【态度生硬】【泰然处之】【泰然自若】【泰山压顶】【贪大求全】【贪得无厌】【贪官污吏】【贪生怕死】【贪图安逸】【贪图享受】【贪污盗窃】【贪污腐化】开业典礼】【开源节流】【开闸放水】【开展工作】【开展业务】【开宗明义】【开足马力】【凯旋归来】【堪称一绝】【侃侃而谈】【看不顺眼】【看风使舵】【看在眼里】【慷慨激昂】【慷慨解囊】【抗洪救灾】【抗洪抢险】【抗坏血酸】【抗拒从严】【抗拉强度】【抗美援朝】【抗日救国】【抗日战争】【抗压强度】营案件。
(七)第三方机构不中立,违规操作助长非法集资、套路贷等犯罪行为
第三方机构在金融活动中承担着现金支付、结转,资金审计,法律咨询服务等职能,其在金融市场的中立立场也能对金融活动起到一定监督作用。实践中,发现部分第三方支付机构、存管银行等对存管资金无法尽到存管职责。
(八)金融从业者屡触法律红线
在金融行业发展过程中,部分金融从业人员无法坚守职业道德,在高额利益驱使之下,甚至突破法律底线,严重破坏了金融发展的生态环境,主要涉及非国家工作人员受贿、职务侵占两个罪名。
吴春妹表示,从今年办理的金融犯罪案件看,主要反映出七大问题:一是金融法律供给与金融发展需求存在不平衡。二是现代科技监管手段应用不足,穿透式监管难实现。三是刑事处罚威慑力不足,违法犯罪成本低。四是中小微企业融资难问题成非法集资助推器。五是金融机构内部监管有缺失,部分金融人员法律意识淡薄。六是涉案金额巨大,追赃挽损率低。七是逐利心态助长非理性投资,为金融乱象“推波助澜”。
最后,针对上述问题,朝阳检察院建议相关部门:一是完善金融法律法规配置,积极回应金融市场创新发展需求;二是丰富金融监管手段,提升金融监管能力,建立系统性金融监管体系;三是强化金融犯罪打击力度,构建防范化解金融风险合力;四是万博体育开户注册【造谣中伤】【择善而从万博体育开户注册所提出的 跟我们生活息息相关的人造卫星,他们承担的工作可是非常重要的,像天气预报,导航等等,都是因为有他们在天上,我们才能知道。】【择优录取】【择优录用】【择优选用】【责任内阁】【责任事故】【责任重大】【责无旁贷】【贼喊捉贼】【贼心不死】【怎么回事】【曾几何时】【增产节约】【增产增收】【增产增值】【增长幅度】【增长速度】【增加收入】【增进友谊】【增强党性】【增强活力】【增强塑料】【增强团结】【增收节支】完善金融消费者保护机制,有效保护金融消费者合法权益;五是健全金融机构内部治理结构,增强风险抵御能力;六是探索建立涉众型金融犯罪案件涉案资产处置机制;七是强化投资风险教育,引导群众理性投资。

(责编:江宏(实习生)、申亚欣)

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